In Table 2, I report the shortened form of personal pronouns in colloquial Finnish and of possessive pronouns in standard and colloquial Finnish: This pronoun, as mentioned above, does not require a possessive morpheme on the possessed, in a parallel way to full DPs. First, we remark that the same lexical item is used as a demonstrative pronoun and as a [-human] personal pronoun in standard Finnish.
The possibility to find in colloquial Finnish hybrid forms such as in 36 possibly demonstrates the ongoing process in the formation of a parallel possessive system to the standard Finnish one. In 36 we observe the presence of the agreeing possessive suffix preceded by the first person singular colloquial possessive pronoun, this kind of utterances may be analysed as code-mixing between standard and colloquial Finnish.
The weak status of possessive pronouns in colloquial Finnish is also suggested by evidence from personal pronouns. The reduced form cannot replace the long form in all contexts.
In the typical context in which a strong form is required, the short form is marginal even in colloquial register: And even if it is not totally excluded, the use of the colloquial form in 38 a is marginal, in contrast with the standard form in 38 b and the mixed form in 38 c. Se olen mina c. Furthermore, they can also be coordinated 39 d, as strong pronouns. Final remarks In this paper, I have proposed a tripartition of the Finnish nominal possessive system on the basis of the distribution of the possessive suffix.
I have observed that possession can be expressed Starting from full DPs, I have noticed that they do not require a possessive suffix as, on the other hand, standard possessive pronouns do. With respect to possessive pronouns in colloquial Finnish, I observed that their behaviour is parallel to that of full DPs, and the lack of suffixes is part of a general change involving the whole system, including the formation of a definite article. On the basis of the observations in sections 2 and 3 I have suggested that the different patterning of pronouns with respect to the possessive suffix is due to a different status of the two kinds of pronouns.
Both of which are strong despite some hints to the contrary. Furthermore, I have investigated the status of the possessive suffix and I have excluded that it is a clitic resumptive pronoun. This is also coherent with the consideration that the Finnish clause does not allow any resumption either as clitic doubling or as clitic left-dislocation basically because Finnish does not have clitic pronouns.
Essays Offered to Kiss, Syntax and Semantics. The possessor in Finnish can be expressed either by a full genitive DP or by a pronoun Finnish has no possessive adjectives. In the latter case, a possessive suffix can be inserted with interesting restrictions. On the basis of the distribution of the possessive suffix, it is possible to distinguish possessive pronouns in standard and colloquial Finnish and to claim that the latter behave like full DPs. The question of the nature of the possessive suffix is also addressed to conclude that it is parallel to the agreement suffix in Hungarian and is not a possessive clitic, despite some parallels with possessive clitics in Balkan languages.
However, they do not consider this present renaissance simply as a new, isolated phenomenon; they value their art as a part of a long tradition that has developed after slavery times: The fundamental element is the idea of continuity between past and present, and they seem particularly interested in showing the ways in which the present has been affected by the past and history.
So contemporary African-American women writers seem especially engaged in a re-examination of important issues regarding their role and the role of the black people, as a whole, within American society and culture. They think that they can bring back to light parts of the black experience that have been ignored or misrepresented by official American culture.
Black women writers want to stress the uniqueness of their experiences and perspectives that differ from those of many black male writers as from those of white American writers. In addition, they feel a strong responsibility in preserving their cultural heritage, and, at the same time, in recreating a culture which could be passed on to the new generations.
In her book, In Search of Our Mothers Gardens, for example, Alice Walker stresses how daughters have to rebuild emotional bounds with their own past: Her intent is to recollect and reconstruct forgotten lives, in order to rescue them from oblivion or indifference. In her poems, she tries to make connections between past and present, investigating how the social, moral and political aspects of a specific historical event are interwoven with the contemporary moment or situation.
Trethewey s third and latest collection, Native Guard , is divided into three separate parts: In Part One, Trethewey tries to build, in words, a monument to the life of her mother. The poem suggests the impossibility of escape from our past, because wherever we go our personal history will accompany us every minute of our life. Ship Island 1 is a barrier island off the coast of Gulfport, Mississippi, which was used as a strategic defense point for New Orleans and the Gulf Coast during the Civil War.
Union soldiers who were stationed there used the fort as a prison for Confederate captives, and from , one of the first black units, the 2 nd Regiment of the Louisiana Native Guards, was recruited in Louisiana by the Union Army and stationed on Ship Island for almost three years. In an interview with Charles Henry Rowell, Trethewey tells us that she used to visit the fort as a child, and she describes how Fort Massachusetts has become today a memorial monument of the Civil War, run by the National Park Service: When you go out there, one of the first things you notice upon entering the fort is that the Daughters of the Confederacy have placed a plaque at the fort s entry listing all the names of the Confederate soldiers who were imprisoned there, but there is no mention of the black soldiers who were stationed there.
Throughout the tour [ ] you learn something about the lives of the men who were stationed there. But nowhere is there any kind of marker for the Native Guards. If you don t know to ask the ranger about the particular history of the island s black inhabitants, he doesn t mention it during the tour.
And yet, it s such an important detail that the Union soldiers who were stationed there were black, that they were members of the 2nd Regiment of the Louisiana Native Guards, that the 1st Regiment of the Native Guards was the first officially sanctioned regiment of African-American soldiers in the Civil War.
And so this was yet another way that a history is forgotten, buried and overlooked Rowell West Ship Island has also shrunk slightly, all its buildings were destroyed by Katrina s devastating strength, except Fort Massachusetts which still stands there. It s been over a year since I ve seen the place, and it s odd to come here after having written this book, seeing the places that I was trying to elegize years ago when I first started working on these poems, in a very figurative sense, because I was distant from these places, not that these places were actually gone.
And now, as I walk around here today, I realize that those poems that I wrote have become quite literal, that Gulfport really is destroyed, and so many of those places that I connect to my childhood and growing up are no longer here! For information about Katrina and Ship Island, see or In this poem, we are also introduced to the theme of photography, a subject which often figures in Trethewey s work both in Domestic Work and especially in Bellocq s Ophelia there are many references to photographs.
In the poem, while the poet is boarding the boat to reach Ship Island, someone takes a picture of her, capturing a fleeting moment of her life, a fragment of existence which will never return but will be kept frozen by the photograph s frame.
The picture will show who she was in that specific moment, but if studied closer, that same photograph will betray something about the rest of her life history. Since slavery times, black families had been separated and disrupted for centuries, and many children were unfathered because they were certainly not officially recognized by the white father and slave owner who thought his own right to rape his black women slaves and who had no respect for his mixed-blood sons and daughters.
Also in the post-bellum years and up to the period of the Civil Rights Movement in the s, the figure of the father was often perceived as absent, and the mother came to be considered the symbol of security and stability, maternal love and family; she has been regarded as the guardian of family values and traditions.
As Trethewey confesses, the men of her family also were often revealed by absence: She is full of expectations and she continues to look at the picture she has of him again a token from the past. During her trip, she tries to imagine how her father s face could have changed in the course of the years, and at the same time, she is also trying to capture something more about her father s life or personality, probably in order to make a good impression on him when she meets him.
In the second part of the poem, the poet describes her own journey with her mother, leaving Gulfport to join her father. The derailment of the train is not only a recollection from her childhood, but a metaphoric derailment: Trethewey borrows again the theme of motherhood from the African-American tradition, representing her mother as a symbol of protection, love and security, while her father remains a distant figure, a blurred image 3 Beginning with a statute in colonial Maryland in , anti-miscegenation laws in the United States survived the Revolution, Civil War, the First and Second World Wars.
Such prohibitions were declared unconstitutional only in by the US Supreme Court decision, Loving v. Virginia Sollors, Interracialism, Werner Sollors s works, Neither Black Nor White or Interracialism, deal with the overlooked themes in American history and literature, such as the problem of black-white interracial sexual relations and marriages, interracial descent, the origin of interracial identity, and the social taboos about miscegenation and incest created by white American racist society.
In the following poems, the poet is recollecting other episodes from her childhood, and painful memories, which seemed appeased, re-emerge violently and haunt her present. In her child s innocence, the daffodils represented just a beautiful present for her mother; only after her mother s death, these flowers assumed a completely different meaning: Like the mythical figure of Narcissus, who gazed down at his own reflection in the water, so the daffodils face down rather than up.
The rain has dug deep holes in the dirt road an image which may refer to the grave. The name written on a tombstone has a very important symbolic meaning for African-American people, because it bears witness of the dead person s existence.
In this poem, Trethewey uses the conventions of the blues song, including the repeated phrases and lines that work as recurring bridges, to enact and re-enforce the The blues expresses the African- American individuals search for identity, the need to possess their own world and to become active subjects of their own history.
For Trethewey, the blues song becomes a melancholic, poetic space where she can express her personal mourning and pain for the loss; at the same time, her mother s suffering in life becomes the symbolic representation of the African-Americans bloody scars across centuries of history.
In the same way, Trethewey s reference to the names of the dead, at the end of the poem, clearly seems to refer to the claim of both the individual and the collectivity to recover their own identity and history which are partly preserved in the family names and in the family s memories. In the Judeo-Christian culture, the act of giving a name implies both a socio-political power Adam s giving a name to animals and things and a power of creation God created the world, human beings, the distinction between night and day, between good and evil, only through the power of naming.
In West African tribal cultures, naming is considered as a sacred ritual, bringing the person into being and giving life to inanimate things or beings Hayes The enslaved Africans brought to America were stripped of their original names which were substituted with the names given by their white slave owners.
No names implied that they did not possess anything, not even a past or memories, which are a form of property and cultural capital, too. Also later on, in African-American culture, the act of naming has always held a special double meaning, connected to the duality of the black American cultural experience. For example, dropping one s slave name and giving oneself a new name to start a new life as a free person was often the first act of former slaves, like Frederick Douglass, for example.
The black man was considered as a personal property, like things or cattle, which could be bought, sold, exploited, whipped, tortured and even killed without consequences. So Trethewey, as many other African-American writers, emphasizes in her poems the importance of names, because they bear the history of both individuals and their family, they endure like marks, they tell stories which must be cared for, or hide secrets they do not easily yield.
Trethewey seems fascinated with the power of photography, by the surprising insights which photography allows, and, at the same time, by the sense of absence the camera can create, too, by framing a particular moment and cutting out a specific event, an action, a gesture or an emotion from the whole scene. Again the images of beauty are opposed to death imagery: As we can realize, the poems dedicated to her mother are not simply commemorating her absence, but they are also trying to recreate her mother s life and the meaning of her existence and death.
Her name here loses its traditional sacred value, because what re-emerges from her daughter s recollections is the concreteness of her mother s pain and suffering in her life time. In a certain way, Trethewey is here evoking the image of her mother s tortured and defaced body as a touchable representation of all the century-long humiliations, tortures, whipping, lynching suffered by black Americans.
She represents the past, a past which creates a feeling of loss, guilt and pain in her daughter. She has simply vanished in her death. These photographs and some of the stories connected with them are now collected into a homonymous book, edited by Hilton Als, John Lewis, Leon F. Litwack, James Allen, Without Sanctuary: Lynching Photography in America. Her absence can be perceived everywhere in the house, inanimate things seem to have existed because of her, as backdrops to her presence, details are vivid as if to stress the sense of loss and absence.
Grief is accompanied by a feeling of remorse. Her mother s life has been torn away in a sudden and insidious manner, like the snake that killed Eurydice in Orpheus s myth. The speaker-voice tells us that she was asleep when her mother was dying, so she could not witness that moment of passage from life to death. In this poem, Trethewey recreates the myth of Orpheus and Eurydice. I would like to spend some words also about the metrical form used for this poem.
This structure recalls Narcissus s reflected image in the pond water and his final look into the waters of the Styx in his final journey into the underworld. Like Narcissus trying to embrace the beloved object in the water, which flees at his touch, but returns again after a moment and with renewed fascination, so Trethewey tries to snatch her mother from the abyss of death. But her mother s apparition in a dream is not more real than Narcissus s reflection on the water surface or Eurydice s materi- The dusk is the darkest stage of twilight and clearly used in the poem as a metaphor for death.
This enchanting sound seems to refer to Orpheus s entrancing power, singing and lyre playing which could tame the wildest beasts. Again, we meet the myth of Orpheus, trying to call Eurydice back from the underworld: But we perceive that her attempt will be useless, and her call will be turned into a repeating sound, which will fade away to nothing but a faint, plaintive whisper as it happened to the nymph Echo. The materialized ghost of Sethe s murdered baby disappears as soon as she is intentionally forgotten by her community and family.
In spite of Beloved s disappearance, the family still seems to fear that to name Beloved again will be to call the ghost of the murdered baby into being once again.
The returning ghost in Morrison s novel like in Trethewey s poems becomes a clear metaphor of the haunting past which can come back to torment our memories. But if the Jordan has always been regarded as a symbol of freedom for the African-Americans, who often compared their slave condition to the Jews captivity in Egypt, the Mississippi is the symbol of the division between Union and Confederacy during the Civil War, between the abolitionist North and the segregationist South, between blacks and whites.
So Trethewey continues her journey across history, but now she makes use of written historical documents, photographs, diaries to tell different periods, stories and events from the Southern past, with all its strong ambiguities and insurmountable contrasts. Each sonnet closes with a sentence which becomes a variant of the next sonnet s opening, as if the poet would try to develop a discourse where also pauses and silences become important and part of the text itself.
The poem opens with the epigraph: This sentence is part of a speech delivered by the famous African-American abolitionist Frederick Douglass in , at the tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery Blight In this speech, Douglass especially emphasized the importance for the African-Americans and for the United States, One of his fundamental attempts was to preserve a historical memory of the Civil War as he believed that black people and the nation itself should remember it as a revolutionary phase of moral and social change in American history: Emancipation became, in his perspective, a national celebration in which the African-American could claim a new identity and hope of equality, human dignity and even citizenship.
History shaped peoples and nations and was the primary source of identity, meaning and purpose. His attempt was to create an enduring historical myth about the Civil War that could win further battles in the present.
Douglass thought that Union victory and black emancipation would be so rooted in the recent American historical experience that they would become sacred values, ritualized in memory like myths. But Douglass realized instead that white America preferred to bury dead issues, like slavery and racism, and the Civil War, the war between the old South, fighting for the preservation of traditions and slavery, and the abolitionist North, supporting justice and freedom, would soon be transformed into a conflict between brave white men, Americans against Americans, leaving the role of black soldiers to disappear into oblivion.
There is always a first-person narrating voice, but we realize that this is not the poet s voice speaking about her private memories; the narrator now is an imagined soldier of the 2 nd Regiment of the Louisiana Native Guards stationed at Fort Massachusetts. The first sonnet opens with the strong affirmation: Immediately, we become aware that this man is going to tell us a part of history which has been hidden or forgotten for centuries, and his desire not to forget his past as a slave in a For a black former slave it was impossible to free himself from the burden of a past characterized by continuous physical and psychological humiliations and sufferings; the ghosts from this tragic past are not easily appeased and, sometimes, they come back to haunt the present.
So these men were actually denied their dignity both as human beings and courageous soldiers, and they were assigned to out-of-the-way, isolated places like Ship Island for example where they would have minimal contact with other Union regiments, avoiding contrasts with white soldiers who felt uncomfortable serving alongside black officers. In Trethewey s poem, we understand that black soldiers, who wanted to fight for emancipation, found themselves in a situation of racial prejudice also among the Unionist forces: So we gradually 7 In Toni Morrison s Beloved, the ghost of the murdered daughter, who materializes among the living, becomes a metaphor for all the haunting horrors of slavery that the freedmen have carried with them into their new lives.
While working hard, someone raises a chant, similar to the spiritual songs sung in the cotton fields by black slaves. In the poem, the dark man s scars are reminiscent of Trethewey s mother s signs of brutality on her body, like a map across human suffering. Those scars are a documented evidence of the black people s tragic history as the words written in the journal by the soldier, as a written testament of that ever present painful memory.
What is interesting is that Trethewey does not use African-American slang or Southern black dialect to create the soldier s narrating voice: In this way, the soldier is the spokesman of the African-American forgotten history: Trethewey decided to give him a literary voice, a voice which could recall the oratory art of Frederick Douglass, whom the poet actually quotes in the poem epigraph.
The white soldiers do not trust a black man who can read and write; they suspect he could write something different from their own words. Banks for East Pascagoula, Mississippi. In a four-hour running battle, the black troops held their ground repulsing attack after attack. Learning that other Confederate soldiers were arriving, Colonel Nathan Daniels ordered his men back to their waiting ship, the John P.
Unfortunately, while the Native Guards were retreating to their boat, crowded on a wharf, a shell from the Union cannons was fired directly at them instead at the oncoming Confederates Hollandsworth As we know from historical reports, and from Colonel Daniel s conserved diary, 9 the fact could be caused by bad blood between white soldiers and Native Guards. A clear example was given during the Siege of Port Hudson.
After a first bloody attack, General Nathaniel P. Banks requested a truce to retrieve the wounded and bury the dead. This activity proceeded in all the sectors except the area where the Native Guards had fought, and so black dead were left to lie where they had fallen Hollandsworth When the Confederate Colonel W.
These are other terrifying specters from the past who come back in dreams asking for a justice they never had. Inspired and informed by the latest research in African-American military and social history, the essays in this book tell the stories of black soldiers who fought in the US Army during the Civil War.
After centuries of slavery in the United States, stripped, as they were, of all their traditions and ancestral memories, the only nation they knew and they considered their own was America.
They fought for emancipation, to conquer their own space within American society, to be, at last, considered citizens of this country, what they knew as their birthplace. The character of Golden Gray, in Jazz, is a light-skinned mulatto, the illegitimate son of a white woman and a black man, and he is haunted by the wish to be emotionally legitimized by his black father whom he actually despises because he has been raised by his white mother as a white boy until he was eighteen.
Before, I thought everybody was one-armed, like me, now, I feel the surgery I don t need the arm. Using this imagery of mutilation, Morrison wants to mirror the idea of the African family dismemberment and all the damages and wounds inflicted on the African-American people by slavery and its devastating aftermath.
In this closing section, there are many references and quotations from some of the most important white writers from the South, like William Faulkner, the Fugitive Poets, Robert Penn Warren and Allen Tate, and Walt Whitman who was not a Southerner but dedicated many of his poems to the South and its glorious fascination.
In these poems the main theme appears centered around the poet s biracial heritage, exacerbated by the Mississippi legacy of oppression. Her dark, buried history starts to re-emerge in the narration of her birth and childhood.
Segregation laws are a very recent memory; they kept black Americans from their rights as American citizens: Faulkner s Joe Christmas was born in winter, like Jesus, given his name for the day he was left at the orphanage, his race unknown in Mississippi.
My father was reading War and Peace when he gave me my name. I was born near Easter, , in Mississippi Native Guard Joe Christmas is a man who does not know anything about his origins and is condemned to think he is a mulatto but not to know even that for sure. He is a shadow figure who walks the fringes, feeling uncomfortable both in the black and white world.
In his novel, Faulkner tries to explore the roots and to expose the effects of contemporary Southern violence and racism. He shows how the individual is inextricably entangled with the collectivity of which he is part, or from which he is excluded. Christmas actually does not know, but he often thinks to know who he is or believes because somebody else has made him to believe. This term was actually coined by two New York journalists in an pamphlet from the Latin miscere, to mix, and genus, race.
Natasha Trethewey did not choose one of the many orphan characters present in Toni Morrison s novels, for example, but she preferred a troublesome, self-divided character like Joe Christmas to explain her own condition. Christmas is not a sympathetic character, he often behaves like a racist and a sexist, and he is continually trying to escape from the past which wants to imprison him.
Joe Christmas is a representative of the South, embodying in his fate the contradictions of this region, and symbolizing within himself the principle of social division which tormented Southern culture. At the same time, he shares the same tragic fate of millions of African-Americans who lost their identity and history: Christmas is a man without history, beyond the personal reserve of memories that create a painful pattern of violence and abuse, and the past, of which he is personally unaware, proves to be a too powerful force to escape or resist.
Christmas s search for wholeness and self-completeness becomes a sort of symbolic journey to find who he is, a journey which seems to mirror Trethewey s own search for her past memories across Southern history. Another relevant element of connection is the importance of names. Christmas s lack of a birth name and the lack of identity that implies can be seen as the painful tragedy of his life and the driving force behind the restless search that constantly goads him. The choice of Joe Christmas as a name for this orphan child is not only due to the fact that the child was left at the orphanage at Christmas time.
In the novel as in Trethewey s poem there is a clear association with the Christ-figure. Joe shares the same initials of Jesus Christ and finally his death seems to be the death of a martyr, but his life of violence and his general contempt for humanity transform him into a flawed and conflicted anti-hero who has little to share with the Christ image.
It is his unawareness about his identity and racial heritage that brings him to violence and craziness, and to the impulsive need to inflict harm on others.
In her work, Trethewey tries to show the Southern contradictions, and like Faulkner she explores the ever-shifting relations between history and story. In this poem, in a dream-like situation, she finds herself posing for a picture with the group of Southern poets, the Fugitive Poets. The opposition of light and dark imagery serves to re-enforce the contrast between black and white. You don t hate it? I dont hate it! I don t hate it! Quentin is the chief narrator and belonging to a younger generation he should be able to free himself of the past traditions and attitudes toward race which are deeply rooted in Southern culture.
But he is himself shredded by race, and his desire to make his college roommate, Shreve coming from Canada , understand the South is in part a need to explain something about race which cannot be explained. Race, which was nothing else than a cultural construction created by the perception of the white beholder, dominates all the Southern characters of the novel and Southern history as a whole.
Retelling the story of Sutpen s crazy and megalomaniac design, Quentin is trying to explain to Shreve what the South is, and at the same time, he embraces the full racial dilemma: Trethewey s quotation in her poem shows how, in a character like Quentin Compson, we can perceive the burden of historical consciousness which both the American and the Southerner must bear.
Faulkner did not embrace the mythical vision of Southern innocence, believing that the South could not ignore its guilt and the necessity to assume its own historical burden. In his view, the South is populated by the ghosts of the past which return to haunt the present, and Quentin becomes the emblem of the Southern young man who finds himself entrapped in the web of history and cultural tradition, paralyzed and unable to take a stand. In this poem, Trethewey re-enacts one of her visits to the Fort Massachusetts museum, during which visitors do not learn anything about the history of the Native Guards.
But nowhere is a similar monument memorializing the names of the Native Guards. So, Trethewey decides to assume the role of the elegiac poet who commemorates the memory of black soldiers forgotten by history. If Tate s poem presents the symbolic dilemma of a man who has stopped at the gate of a Confederate graveyard, and feels trapped in time, isolated and caught between the memory of a heroic Civil War past, which is lost, and the chaotic, degenerate present, Trethewey s elegy becomes an ode to recover African-American history and to give it its due respect and value.
She is not interested in mourning the dead, or in recreating a mythology of the past, but she wants to build those men a metaphoric monument, as the monument she would like to build in memory of her lost mother. Trethewey reaffirms again the importance of remembering and perhaps of learning things from the past experiences and of keeping that knowledge alive, being, at the same time, aware of her great responsibility as a poet and a teacher to transmit a message to the new generations.
The Louisiana Native Guards. Smith, John David ed. Thematic Exploration of Interracial Literature. In her poems, the young African-American poet tries to make connections between past and present, investigating how the social, moral and political aspects of a specific historical event the Civil War and the role of Black soldiers in the US Troops are interwoven with the contemporary situation.
The intent in this essay is to explore Trethewey s attempt to fill in the gaps in mainstream American history and to restore a voice to those stories and people that have been left to silence and forgetfulness for centuries. Trethewey imagines the life of a former slave stationed at Ship Island fort, who is charged with writing letters home for the illiterate or wounded Confederate prisoners and his fellow soldiers.
Just as this soldier becomes the keeper of Ship Island s memory, so Trethewey speaks about her childhood, recalling her personal experience as a mixed-blood child in segregationist Mississippi and enlarging her individual experience toward a wider interpretation of African American history and of Southern history. Les écritures migrantes au Québec. Pourquoi en effet ce récit de vie d une vieille femme de 75 ans, texte interculturel et métissé, attire-t-il à ce point un éditeur italien?
Peut-être parce que ce roman québécois écrit par une Libanaise de Montréal et pétri de récits, traditions et proverbes du Moyen Orient, ramène le lecteur italien vers une Méditerranée qu il connaît bien, creuset de populations, de religions et de langues, aujourd hui terre de combats et de luttes fratricides?
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I really like how this necklace goes with so many things due to the variety of colors in it. And because the i-cords are light in weight, I can wear this necklace just about yr round. The pendant and earrings have been also calmly brushed with a silver pearl-ex powder for a subtle shimmer throughout the piece.
Lapis lazuli symbolised the evening sky and creative delights. The European four in 1 weave is so versatile. I promise I will try to hold pointing you in the right direction s.
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Showinjg 40 of results that match your query. The type of each bit is a footed sphere, and the standard of work is equal to that of the Bhuj master silversmith Oomersi Mawji. By the midth century, shells from the West Indies had been also getting used, particularly helmet shells and queen conch shells.
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You will also discover their flower motifs extremely popular among buyers. Coro jewelry represents timelessness. Kundan work is the normal and oldest methodology of gem setting, where the gold foil is inserted between the stones and its mount.
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And those who are open to experimenting most likely started out with the measuring cups and spoons. Many women would have multiple rings on both hands, whereas a man would typically not sport much more than a wedding band or pinkie ring. As a matter of fact, gold exists in all places; in crops, oceans, rivers, and so on. That is also good for boards with narrow metallic frames. These jewelry making programs are daytime courses of at the least one… Aztec jewellery also features in their ceremonial armour and shields.
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